A "tabla" comprises of the daya and baya. The entire drumhead, including the gajra, is called the pudi. Tabla players play the daya with their dominant hand, and the baya with their non-dominant hand.
The daya's body is hollow and made of wood. A separate daya can be made for each swar, or musical note. For example, C sharp and F dayas have different diameters and dimensions according to their physical characteristics. The tabla pudi is usually made of goat skin. The incorporation of shahi allows for a greater scope of resonance.
In ancient times, the baya used to be made out of clay, but is now made out of various types of metals such as steel or copper.
Both the daya and baya can be tuned to a particular frequency. The gatthe may be pushed down or pulled up to increase or decrease the pitch, respectively. For smaller increments of change, a player may hit the gajra with a hammer downwards or upwards, increasing or decreasing the pitch, respectively. Hitting downwards increases the tension of the pudi while hitting upwards eases the tension.